What do we know about Sardinia? But, for example, do we know what the Mamuthones are? (they are not animals) Or even, how were the Sardinian marriages?
That Sardinia is a fantastic island, we all know it; In fact, it is one of the most sought-after tourist destinations. It can be reached very easily by boat and it is difficult to find elsewhere a place that offers contemporary tradition and fun: great beaches and wild nature, and also very varied and succulent cuisine.
But some features of Sardinia are less known, so we will try to reveal some curiosities related to tradition, landscape and culture.
– In Mamoiada, which is located in the part of the Barbagia, 60 kilometers from Nuoro, although it is a small town, we found some typical costumes that are among the most beautiful on the island and, above all, we find the MAMUTHONES, which they are the carnival masks of prehistoric origin and of great ethnographic interest, linked to the pastoral tradition. Together with the ISSOHADORES mask they are part of the Mamoiada Carnival, known as “the dance of the Mamuthones”.
The name seems to come from the Greek word “maimon” which means crazy, useless. The costumes made of sheep wool, the masks made of dark wood and cowbells are placed on the back. The Mamuthones parade in groups of 12 (one for each time of the year) accompanied by the Issohadores masks that would be their guardians.
– One of the largest underground lakes in Europe is found in Sardinia. This is LAGO LAMARMORA: an underground lake with a length of 130 meters, something more than about 25 meters wide and with a maximum depth of 9 meters.
This lake is located in the Cave of Neptuna, one of the most famous among all the marine caves found in Sardinia. The cave is located at the foot of Cape Caccia, in Alghero, not far from Sassari. To reach the cave, go down the Escalera de Cabriral, formed by more than 600 climbs, or arrive directly by sea, by boat.
– Local local crafts are one of the richest and most unique and their origins go back to antiquity. The characteristics that distinguish manufacturing is the geometric shape of the decorations; This particular figurative expression is found in the temples of nuragic pozzo and predates the Roman era.
The geometric mark is present in the tapestries, in the vases and in the braided baskets of the Sardinian women. The human figures, very stylized, show the same combinations in the shapes and designs of gold or silver jewelry.
Thanks to the Phoenician influence, bright colors add a special touch to carpets, rugs and women’s clothing; of the Byzantines, the sumptuousness of the decorations and the use of gold are inherited. The flourishes we find in embroidery and in fabrics are the result of the First Renaissance.
– The vegetation of Sardinia is of Mediterranean type but it has, in any case, characteristics that allow it to be distinguished from other regions; the forests cover a fairly large area and, behind the other plants, the QUERCIA DA SUGHERO, known as the sughera, stands out.
This plant has a particular importance for the island since it covers almost 60,000 hectares of the territory; which means that it is two thirds of the national heritage.
Most of the sughere forests are located in the Gallura and mark the landscape of the northeastern area. Quercia da sughero is a beautiful tree in its crown and reddish bark and is highly valued for everything it offers: acorns for animals, wood for burning. The sughere is used throughout the world.
– The marriage is for everything a very emotional and important ceremony. In Sardinia there are, even today, some very old rich people who make the celebration of the Sardinian marriage an exciting spectacle. In the Sulcis region, specifically in Santadi, the MAURITAN MARRIAGE “Sa Coja Maureddina” takes place.
The name has origins, past, of the presence of Africans who landed in this area; In spite of the name, it is likewise a celebration according to the rite of the Catholic Church.
It begins by leaving from the house of the couple, each one rides in his respective decorated car, called “traccas”, with his parents, all dressed in typical costumes, until the main square where the ceremony will take place. When it is over, the spouses distribute the bridal bread to everyone present. There are also a large number of folk groups that come from all of Sardinia.
Another ancient rite is the one that develops in Selargius: THE ANCIENT MARRIAGE SELARGINO “Sa Coja Antiga Cerexina”. It begins with the blessing of the future spouses before the door of their respective houses with grains and salt, elements of vital importance for the life of the inhabitants of the town. After this the two courtships go towards the church where the celebration will take place in Sardinian; the spouses are united with “their chain”, symbol of the indissoluble union. Obviously, also in this house everyone exhibits typical costumes and can not miss popular Sardinian music.