Algeria Tourism – Algeria Television Sun, 22 Aug 2021 23:40:49 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Algeria Tourism – Algeria Television 32 32 what consequences for life in the Principality? Fri, 20 Aug 2021 12:41:51 +0000

Rising temperatures could, among other things, destroy the tourism industry.

The latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) places particular emphasis on rising temperatures. So what is the situation in our region? We interviewed Nathalie Hilmi, member of the Monaco Scientific Center and IPCC researcher. Its job is to make the link between science and economics.

Nathalie Hilmi

Climate emergency

The first problem is rising temperatures. “In the Mediterranean, temperatures are above the world average,” explains Nathalie. “The increase in the global average is 1.1% degrees Celsius. To date, the Mediterranean basin has warmed by 1.5 degrees.

“On the other hand, we will have more and more droughts and less and less wind. This means less precipitation, creating ecological and agro-ecological risks. Less wind also means that investments in wind energy will not be as successful as we thought. “

“Then, the problem of heat waves. They will be more frequent, intense and longer. The temperature forecast in our region will approach those of Algeria, i.e. 40 ° C in summer. And this will have a direct impact on the economy of the region.

“If tourists decide to go somewhere else because it will be cooler, in the long run we would have killed an industry that was making money. In the PACA region, 10% of employees work in tourism.

>> READ ALSO: Will coral reefs be the next victim of global warming?

>> READ MORE: Temperatures in the Mediterranean basin could almost double by 2100

Sea level rise

“The Arctic and Antarctica continue to melt. And we have the expansion of water due to the rise in temperature. All this together will raise the sea, ”says Nathalie, before explaining the gravity of the situation. “Globally, we thought the sea level would drop from 43 to 84 cm by 2100. In the Mediterranean, we think it will exceed one meter.

The waterfront buildings are protected, she says. However, infrastructure is only designed to withstand up to a certain level. The Anse du Port district, for example, has been studied according to all the possibilities of the IPCC projections.

However, these projections have their limits. “When you do projections, they’re models, and you don’t know what scenario is going to take place.” If the situation drastically improves, there will be no risk. “If, on the other hand, we allow carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to increase without limit, then yes, there may be a threat.”

The report is clear: climate change is caused by human activities

Change is still possible

“The real solution advocated by the IPCC is to drastically reduce our CO2 emissions. The report is clear: climate change is caused by human activities. And for that, there are solutions, at all levels.

Among these, Nathalie Hilmi evokes the idea of ​​eliminating CO2 from the atmosphere by using natural and technological solutions and of redirecting investments towards renewable energies.

It is also possible to act in everyday life. “We need a change in mindset, and even consumers need to be aware that every action they take has an impact.” This refers to a basic principle of economics: supply and demand. “The demand comes from the consumer, if there is no demand, the producer will not go to the other side of the planet looking for his fruits and vegetables.”

The next decisive meeting is COP26. Upstream, Nathalie Hilmi will lead a task force from 12 to 14 October with experts in natural sciences, economics and political decision-makers. “We will meet and reflect for two days. “The solutions found will be presented at COP26,” with the Monaco label on it “.

>> READ MORE: Can finance save the environment? Interview with economist Nathalie Hilmi

>> READ MORE: Côte d’Azur and climate change: what future?

]]> 0 What are the challenges of the peace process in Libya? Fri, 20 Aug 2021 12:01:20 +0000

Editor’s Note: This article originally appeared on Order From Chaos.

A decade after the overthrow of longtime dictator Muammar Gaddafi, Libya is expected to hold elections in December to form a unified government. As the date draws closer, the country’s Maghreb neighbors – Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco – are showing increased interest in its ongoing peace process.

Algerian decision-makers have resumed Libyan flights, opened a maritime line between Algiers and Tripoli, and recently appointed Ramtane Lamamra – who has been heavily involved in the Libyan dossier – as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Tunisia remains keenly interested in controlling security risks and restoring economic ties and signed agreements with Libya over the summer to promote mutual trade, investment and the movement of travelers. Morocco, cradle of the 2015 Skhirat accord (which recognized the government of national unity as Libya’s only legitimate authority), is organizing meetings between rival Libyan actors and bilateral talks with officials on potential cooperation in the areas of strengthening security, trade and renewable energies. energy.

Despite a problematic lack of coordination on the Libyan issue between these states, all agree that the elections are the best way forward for the country in the throes of conflict. In addition, they have all consistently supported the interlibyan dialogue which promotes Libyan voices. Yet their increased interest in recent months raises questions. Why have they invested more and more in Libya, and what do they have to gain from its stability?


The main reason for the Maghreb’s interest in Libya’s stability is the security threat posed by the continuing chaos. The political instability that manifested itself in Libya after 2011 led to an increase in terrorism, organized crime, the proliferation of arms and drug trafficking. This is particularly problematic for Algeria and Tunisia, which share porous land borders with Libya. The Tunisian government has dramatically increased security spending since the collapse of the Libyan security sector, while the Algerian regime has increased the number of troops along its shared border. Even Morocco, which is not a direct neighbor, has been affected by instability in Libya, especially in terms of the terrorist threat. As Moroccan fighters joined the Islamic State group’s branch in Libya – from where the terrorist organization planned to launch attacks on Europe – their imminent return created security risks for the kingdom.

Moreover, due to the power vacuum in Tripoli, the possibility of terrorist organizations and rebel groups launching their offensives from Libya was a real threat to the entire North African region, as evidenced by the launch by a Chadian political-military rebel group from a battle that killed the president. Idris Déby Itno. The collapse of the security sector in Libya has also made possible the smuggling of weapons, drug trafficking and other criminal activities at an intensified level. While before 2011 Libya experienced little traffic in drugs other than cannabis, it is now a well-established route for cocaine, heroin and amphetamines.

This could explain why some Maghreb states have signaled the possibility of a military partnership with the Libyan government of national unity. The president of Algeria, a historically isolationist country, said he was ready to “enforce the red lines” against Marshal Khalifa Hifter. In addition, a 2020 reform of the country’s constitution allowed the Algerian military to deploy abroad, a change from a decades-old hands-off military policy. Morocco and Libya are in advanced talks on enhanced cooperation on terrorism and migration and aim to conclude a military partnership. It is true that the aforementioned Algerian constitutional reform is probably also due to the growing instability in the Sahel region and that the talks with Morocco are perhaps another way for the kingdom to maintain its involvement in the Libyan dossier and to promote its interests. However, these developments suggest that the two countries are taking steps to ensure that they would be able to protect themselves from a security threat emanating from Libya or intervene to defuse such a situation.


Tunisia is perhaps the Maghreb state that has the most to gain from re-establishing strong economic ties with Libya. Since 2011, its economy has been impacted by the emigration of Libyans to Tunisia as well as by the return of Tunisian workers from the country. The security threat has also contributed to reduced tourism and investment as well as increased security spending. The World Bank estimated that between 2011 and 2015, the Libyan crisis reduced Tunisia’s growth by 24%.

Stability in Libya would gradually reverse these effects and open the door to bilateral economic cooperation. The increase in tourism and trade would stimulate the fragile Tunisian economy affected by COVID-19. The recently opened borders have already enabled Tunisian traders from disadvantaged areas to travel to Libya and sell their goods there. The two sides aim to strengthen cooperation in the fields of trade, investment and tourism, as was seen at a Libyan-Tunisian economic forum held in Libya last May.

Morocco, which did not benefit from solid economic ties with Libya under Gaddafi’s regime, could also benefit from new trade and energy agreements. Moroccan decision-makers are working on it. The kingdom’s foreign minister announced in June the organization of a second bilateral economic forum. In the same month, the Libyan oil and gas minister discussed ongoing talks on renewable energy cooperation with Morocco.

To a lesser extent, Algerian officials have also shown recently that they are open to improving trade with Libya and reopening the fragmented land border that could become a major economic zone. Like Tunisia and Morocco, Algeria also organized an economic forum with Libya and signed an agreement on trade and industrial forums. Algiers also provided economic aid to communities in southwest Libya, including food aid in 2014 during the tribal conflict between the Tébou and Tuareg tribes.

A potential advantage of peace in Libya at the regional level could be the strengthening of intra-regional economic integration in the Maghreb. Trade between Maghreb states stood at 2.8% in 2019, compared to 10.7% between members of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The reasons include the crisis in Libya as well as the logistical constraints and tensions between Algeria and Morocco. Peace in Libya could present a small possibility of improvement and could allow these states to consolidate economic integration and launch cross-border security cooperation initiatives.

Regional competetion

Beyond their domestic interests, certain Maghreb states are investing in the Libyan peace process itself to consolidate their position on the regional and international scenes. Since hosting the meetings that led to the signing of the Skhirat Agreement, Morocco has held multiple talks on the issue of key institutional positions, as recently as this summer. Moroccan decision-makers attach great importance to the role of the kingdom in the Libyan peace process, which Rabat sees as a means of strengthening its international reputation as a credible mediator. This could explain why Moroccan officials were harmed by their exclusion from the 2018 Berlin conference (to which Algeria and Tunisia were ultimately invited) and why the kingdom was subsequently relatively absent on the issue of the Libya between 2018 and 2020.

By stepping up its involvement in Libya, Morocco is also seeking to curb the influence of rival Algeria in the region. While Algeria recently reached agreements with Tunisia, Egypt and Turkey over the Tripoli crisis – suggesting increased interest in Algiers on the matter – Morocco may come to fear that its influence over Libya and the area is not shrinking. This in turn would exacerbate its tensions with Algeria and push it to get even more involved in Libya.

Outlook: after peace?

The peace process in Libya will remain complicated. Even if an election is held in December, the vote goes well, and the result is a unified government that Hifter does not dispute, there will still be a long way to go. It may take years for Libya’s neighbors to reap the economic and security benefits.

However, in this scenario, the threat to regional security would diminish in the near future, which would ease the pressure at all levels. The Tunisian government could cut security spending, while Algeria and Morocco could refocus their security efforts on the Sahel region. Foreign investments in the Maghreb would also eventually recover in the medium and long term, as would tourism (depending on the epidemiological situation).

In the meantime, the Maghreb countries will continue to defend their individual interests through their links with Libya. The Tunisian government will likely seek to sign other trade and tourism deals while keeping an eye out for potential energy deals eventually. Algeria will remain most concerned about the potential security threat that could come from Libya if the peace process fails, although it is unlikely to intervene militarily beyond securing their common border. Morocco will aim to assert its role of mediator while preserving the institutions of Skhirat. To this end, he will probably organize more Bouznika-style meetings between rival actors. However, a unified Maghreb response to the Libyan crisis is highly unlikely as long as tensions and ideological differences persist.

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Morocco, Israel sign agreements to mark historic visit Thu, 12 Aug 2021 05:57:46 +0000

A historic meeting between the foreign ministers of Morocco and Israel in Rabat. This is the first visit by a senior Jewish state official since relations between Morocco and Israel normalized last year. By the end of Wednesday’s meeting, three agreements had been signed.

“Today we are changing that for the benefit of tourism and economy, trade and cultural exchange, friendship and cooperation. This moment will improve our lives, because that is what peace does. War puts an end to life, while peace cultivates it. “Yair Lapid, said the Israeli foreign minister.

Nasser Bourita and his Israeli counterpart Yair Lapid signed agreements on political consultations, aviation and culture.

“To support the dynamic of cooperation, we have created five working groups for promising sectors: research and innovation, tourism and aviation, agriculture, energy and environment, and trade and investment. These groups have held several meetings and have defined goals and recommendations. Nasser Bourita, Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs said during his speech.

Morocco was one of four Arab countries – along with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan – to agree to normalize relations with Israel last year under deals brokered by the United States.

As part of the deal brokered by the United States led by Donald Trump, Washington recognized Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara, where there has been a decades-old territorial dispute with Morocco and the Polisario Front backed by Algeria.

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The whole Mediterranean region is on fire. Here’s why it’s gonna get worse Tue, 10 Aug 2021 16:29:05 +0000

IIt is the legendary sea crossed by Ulysses and the Vikings, a body of water that has been the source of civilizations, culture and commerce as well as countless myths and legends. It is the vacation destination for millions of people who enjoy its splendid beaches, verdant islands and ancient ruins.

But the Mediterranean Sea coastline is turning into wasteland, as shown by the vast fires that have engulfed parts of Greece, Turkey, Italy, Algeria and Tunisia.

“The climate will be desert all around the Mediterranean by the end of the century,” says Levent Kurmaz, director of the Center for Climate Change and Policy Studies at Bogazici University in Istanbul.

Scientists say the region’s unique geographic location – a body of water sandwiched between three giant land masses – makes it particularly vulnerable to climate change. The region is already exceeding global average temperature increases of more than 20% since the end of the 19th century. Researchers have detected many disturbing patterns, including warmer temperatures and altered precipitation.

“I clearly see different trends in the Mediterranean basin in terms of increasingly severe drought [and] a little more unpredictable and frequent, average temperatures rising and extreme heat waves, ”explains Gokce Sencan, a climate researcher based in California.

Fires have devastated tens of thousands of hectares of forests over vast areas along the Mediterranean coast in recent weeks. At least eight people have died in Turkey, where the fires have concentrated in the southwest. Four people were killed in forest fires in the forested mountainous region of Kabylie in Algeria, east of the capital.

The Tunisian province of Bizerte was hit by a forest fire on Monday amid strong winds and temperatures reaching 122F (50C). Morocco suffered forest fires in July that destroyed 1,200 hectares of forest.

Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said 586 fires broke out last week across the country.

“It is an unprecedented disaster,” said Christian Solinas, the governor of the Italian island of Sardinia.

The fires have displaced thousands of people, burned precious forests and killed countless numbers of living creatures.

“Tens of thousands of animals have died in the fires for no reason,” said Emir Eksioglu, an environmental activist in Turkey. “Bears, deer, squirrels, pigs, turtles. People’s love for animals gives me hope. But I don’t see the same hope in government policies.

Although Spain and Portugal have been spared from the worst forest fires so far this year, Professor Kurmaz warns that the expected warm temperatures could also cause serious fires in the Iberian Peninsula.

Italians think it’s the Mafia. The Greeks think it is the Turks. People in Turkey think it is the PKK. But nobody stops to think: did they all organize to start the fires around the same week? People don’t like to focus on the big picture.

Climate researcher Gokce Sencan

Although rising air temperatures are helping to make drier forests more susceptible to forest fires, uncontrolled land use has exacerbated the problem, says Irem Daloglu Cetinkaya, environmental specialist at Bogazici University in Istanbul. .

“These forest fires are not just due to climate change,” she says. “There is also the accumulation of too much waste, changes in land use and development. There are two things going on at the same time. “

Experts have warned of the potential effects of rising temperatures on the Mediterranean for years. A study prepared last year by McKinsey and Associates predicted an increase in the number of heat waves, increased drought and decreased rainfall, devastating food production and decimating tourism in Mediterranean states.

“The Mediterranean basin is often seen as the ultimate in climate, comfort and culture,” the report says. “However, climate change can worsen the Mediterranean climate and disrupt vital industries such as tourism and agriculture.”

In a separate study published last year, two scientists from MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) argued that the Mediterranean’s unique location makes it particularly vulnerable to climate change. As rising temperatures will be accompanied by increased precipitation across much of the world, the Mediterranean is grappling with both warmer and drier weather.

The wind pattern creates a natural high pressure system associated with hot, dry weather over the Mediterranean. Meanwhile, the temperature difference between land and sea is reduced faster in the Mediterranean than elsewhere because it is surrounded by three land masses.

“What is really different about the Mediterranean compared to other regions is the geography,” researcher Alexandre Tuel told an MIT journal. “Basically you have a great sea surrounded by continents, which really doesn’t happen anywhere else in the world. “

Professor Kurmaz, whose team is about to publish an article on forest fires, predicts that by the turn of the century, the climate in southern Turkey, southern Greece and southern Greece Italy will be similar to that of Cairo and the southern Iraqi city of Basra.

“We’re heading towards that,” he says. “It won’t happen overnight. “

Smoke from forest fires spreads over people as they enjoy the sea in Edipsos on the island of Evia


Scientists say governments can make efforts to mitigate, adapt and perhaps even reverse some of the disastrous changes. The Turks have criticized their government for not allocating enough planes specializing in fighting forest fires and for refusing to recognize the local version of the environment-focused Green Party, which Ankara does not recognize as a official political group despite growing support for the party in opinion polls.

Governments can also limit development on vulnerable lands and protect undisturbed green spaces. “We work in forest areas,” explains Cetinkaya. “We use them for recreation. We pollute them. Climate change is sort of inevitable, but we can reduce the impact.

But instead of grappling with the reality of climate change, those living in countries affected by wildfires are instead engaging in conspiracies. Some Turks, for example, alleged that Kurdish separatists associated with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) set on fire.

“People in Italy think it’s the mafia,” says Ms. Sencan. “People in Greece think it’s the Turks. People in Turkey think it is the PKK. But nobody stops to think: did they all organize to start the fires around the same week? People don’t like to focus on the big picture.

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Who will participate in the next elections in Morocco? – Middle East Monitor Thu, 05 Aug 2021 15:40:00 +0000

In a few weeks, Morocco will hold parliamentary elections to decide who will lead the government for the next five years, as fierce competition is expected between the country’s political parties. The Justice and Development Party (PJD), which heads the government coalition, is expected to win a third term.

Moroccan political parties will compete for the votes of more than 15,746,000 registered voters, with no party intending to boycott the elections scheduled for September 8, which will be held given the repercussions of the coronavirus epidemic.

For the first time in Moroccan history, the PJD is leading the government coalition for a second term, after winning the 2011 and 2016 elections.

The PJD, which won 125 of the 395 seats in the country’s last legislative elections, has chosen the slogan “Credibility, Democracy, Development” for its current electoral campaign, while asserting that its platform “aims to endorse the system of governance and pursue associated structural reforms. . “

PJD General Secretary Saadeddine Othmani, who is also the head of government, said in press releases that “the party has managed to accumulate significant successes in political participation… because it has restored confidence, integrity and trust in political work. “

In turn, the Party of Authenticity and Modernity (PAM), which is the largest right-wing opposition party, is preparing to participate in the elections and aspiring to take the lead.

READ: Morocco: the Press Union regrets the reaction of the Algerian media to the king’s initiative

PAM Secretary General Abdellatif Wehbe announced that his party had a good chance of winning while stressing “the possibility of achieving this ambition through hard work and effective communication with the Moroccan people”.

The PAM came in second place in the 2016 legislative elections, after securing 102 seats in parliament.

As the elections approach, the Left Independence Party is experiencing unprecedented dynamism within the party, following the resignation of former Secretary General Hamid Chabat.

Some have linked Chabat’s resignation to internal bickering, after his current secretary general, Nizar Baraka, refused to recommend his predecessor to run in local elections in the district of Fez.

The party, which joined the opposition in the middle of the previous government’s term (2011-2016), aspires to win a large number of votes.

In previous media statements, Baraka has said Morocco needs a government that enjoys credibility and popular support through strong citizen involvement in the upcoming elections, while calling on Moroccans to vote.

The center-right National Rally of Independents (RNI), which is part of the government coalition, has revealed its willingness to participate in the legislative elections.

READ: Algeria considers Moroccan king’s offer of reconciliation with “caution”

The RNI, founded 42 years ago, seeks to lead the next government with the support of businessmen. It is described as being “close to the king’s palace”.

“The National Rally of Independents presented ministers who achieved excellent results in all productive sectors,” party leader Aziz Akhannouch said at a party event.

Akhannouch added that his party is focused on projects that would enable the agricultural, commercial, industrial, tourism and fishing industries to achieve unprecedented prosperity.

The RNI came fourth in the 2016 legislative elections, winning 37 seats.

The opinions expressed in this article are the property of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.

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A guide to the 50 best restaurants for the MENA region debuts in 2022 Tue, 03 Aug 2021 12:55:31 +0000

And Abu Dhabi will host the very first awards ceremony …

If you’re a food fan, you probably already know about the good work 50 Best has done to celebrate the world’s best restaurants.

Annual ranking services have already expanded to region-specific listings, with Asia’s Top 50 Restaurants (launched in 2013), followed by the Top 50 Restaurants in Latin America.

And there is one for bars too. In fact, Dubai’s Zuma made it to the World’s 50 Best Bars of 2020 list (ranked 23rd, not too shabby, DIFC trend haunting Galaxy Bar also featured at 67).

Today we learned that in recognition of the rapid, innovative and diverse expansion of gastronomy in the MENA region, a new list will be launched: the 50 best restaurants in the Middle East and North Africa.

The 2022 Roundup will be the inaugural edition, with a special awards ceremony to be held in Abu Dhabi in February of the same year. And we can’t think of a more suitable country to throw it all in, with a proud local tradition of gastronomy and cities offering a rarely matched diversity of the world’s food.

In partnership with Abu Dhabi Culinary and the Department of Culture and Tourism – Abu Dhabi (DCT), there will be a week of gastronomic festivities between February 4 and 11, 2022.

Events that will include a series of culinary experiences featuring world-renowned chefs and top regional talent. There will also be a series of live chef lessons and culinary discussions with industry luminaries. A bit like the program of events that Abu Dhabi Culinary now organizes all year round.


Want to gauge the competition? The other countries competing for the first 50 places are Algeria; Bahrain; Egypt; Israel; Iran; Iraq; Jordan; Kuwait; Lebanon; Libya; Morocco; Oman; Palestine; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Syria; Tunisia; and Yemen.

Special prices

Special awards will also be awarded the same evening. These traditionally include the “One To Watch Award” – an honor for a rising star in the world of regional dining; and we are also likely to see the award for the best female chef in the MENA region.

Images: Getty

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The 50 best restaurants in the Middle East and North Africa to debut in 2022 Tue, 03 Aug 2021 10:34:00 +0000

The inaugural program of the 50 best restaurants in the Middle East and North Africa will be organized in Abu Dhabi in partnership with the city’s Ministry of Culture and Tourism from February 4 to 11, 2022, and the gala ceremony will take place February 7.

The ranking will reflect the best dining experiences gathered by 250 voters, comprised of anonymous restoration experts from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

It is not intended as a list of “fine dining”, but as “a true reflection of the greatest dining destinations in the MENA region”, comprising secret local spots alongside top names, classics set alongside. daring innovators.

The countries included in the MENA region for the purposes of the Top 50 Restaurants in the Middle East and North Africa are: Algeria; Bahrain; Egypt; Israel; Iran; Iraq; Jordan; Kuwait; Lebanon; Libya; Morocco; Oman; Palestine; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Syria; Tunisia; United Arab Emirates; and Yemen.

As the unveiling of the list itself approaches, a series of special awards will be announced, including the Icon Award honoring a respected person in the gastronomic sphere; the One To Watch award for a rising starred restaurant; and the MENA Region’s Best Female Chef award, helping to promote greater gender balance in the hospitality industry around the world.

“We could not be more excited to launch our new Regional Restaurant Awards Program for the Middle East and North Africa with the support of our host destination partner, the Ministry of Culture and the United States. Abu Dhabi Tourism, ”said William Drew, content director of 50 Best