“Our country presents a civilizational complex for Spain” – Middle East Monitor

Morocco constitutes a “civilizational complex” for Spain, declared the president of the House of Representatives of the North African State, Habib El-Malki yesterday.

El-Maliki said Spain suffers “from a civilizational complex vis-à-vis the Kingdom of Morocco and has not been able to cope with it to date”.

He added that a number of historic towns in southern Spain “feed off Arab and Islamic cultural heritage, through tourism”.

“With great regret, Spain is still living in the era of the Crusades, not the 21st century,” El-Maliki said.

He explained that Spain’s “provocative position” in welcoming the Polisario Front leader earlier this year has not helped overcome the crisis between the two countries or restore peace.

In April, Madrid received Polisario Front leader Brahim Ghali, who used a false identity to enter the country, allegedly to receive treatment for the coronavirus. This sparked a crisis between Spain and Morocco.

In mid-May, around 8,000 irregular migrants, including minors, flocked from Morocco to the Spanish enclave of Ceuta, which Spanish and European officials saw as an attempt by Rabat to pressure Madrid to force Ghali to go. In early June, the Polisario leader arrived in Algeria after the Spanish Supreme Court rejected his request for custody.

READ: 344 migrants rescued off the Moroccan coast

Morocco has been in conflict with the Algerian-backed Polisario separatist group over Western Sahara since 1975, after the end of the Spanish occupation. It turned into an armed confrontation that lasted until 1991 and ended with the signing of a ceasefire agreement.

Rabat insists on its right to rule the region, but has proposed an autonomous government in Western Sahara under its sovereignty, but the Polisario Front wants a referendum to let the people determine the future of the region. Algeria supports the Front’s proposal and welcomes refugees from the region.

The 1991 ceasefire ended last year after Morocco resumed military operations at the El Guergarat crossing point, a buffer zone between the territory claimed by the Moroccan state and the Sahrawi Arab Republic. self-proclaimed democratic process, which the Polisario described as provocation.

By launching the operation, Morocco “has seriously compromised not only the ceasefire and the related military agreements, but also all the chances of reaching a peaceful and lasting solution to the question of the decolonization of Western Sahara”, Brahim Ghali, leader of the Polisario Front, said in a statement. letter to the UN.

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